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Static Method: out = stackloss ()

Brownlee’s Stack Loss Plant Data


Operational data of a plant for the oxidation of ammonia to nitric acid.



Flow of cooling air.


Cooling Water Inlet temperature.


Concentration of acid (per 1000, minus 500).


Stack loss


“Obtained from 21 days of operation of a plant for the oxidation of ammonia (NH3) to nitric acid (HNO3). The nitric oxides produced are absorbed in a countercurrent absorption tower”. (Brownlee, cited by Dodge, slightly reformatted by MM.)

AirFlow represents the rate of operation of the plant. WaterTemp is the temperature of cooling water circulated through coils in the absorption tower. AcidConc is the concentration of the acid circulating, minus 50, times 10: that is, 89 corresponds to 58.9 per cent acid. StackLoss (the dependent variable) is 10 times the percentage of the ingoing ammonia to the plant that escapes from the absorption column unabsorbed; that is, an (inverse) measure of the over-all efficiency of the plant.


Brownlee, K. A. (1960, 2nd ed. 1965). Statistical Theory and Methodology in Science and Engineering. New York: Wiley. pp. 491–500.


Becker, R. A., Chambers, J. M. and Wilks, A. R. (1988). The New S Language. Monterey: Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.

Dodge, Y. (1996). The guinea pig of multiple regression. In: Robust Statistics, Data Analysis, and Computer Intensive Methods; In Honor of Peter Huber’s 60th Birthday, 1996, Lecture Notes in Statistics 109, Springer-Verlag, New York.


t = octave.dataset.stackloss;

# TODO: Create linear model and print summary

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